President Rodrigo Duterte signed the landmark Bangsamoro Organic Law (BOL) on 26 July 2018.
The law replaces the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) with the new Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, which would have greater fiscal autonomy, a regional government, parliament, and justice system.
The region would be composed of the current ARMM–Tawi-Tawi,Sulu,Basilan,Maguindanao, and Lanao del Sur–pending a regional plebiscite. Also included in the Bangsamoro region are 6 municipalities of Lanao del Norte and 39 barangays of Cotabato, provided that the province and their municipalities, respectively, vote to lose jurisdiction over them. These areas previously voted to be included in the ARMM. The chartered cities of Cotabato and Isabela would also be included, subject to the approval of their respective registered voters in the plebiscite. The law has an opt-in provision, allowing areas adjacent to the region to join the Bangsamoro, with a petition of at least 10% of their voters. The law is the culmination of a peace deal signed between the Moro Islamic Liberation Front and past administrations.